Natural Disaster Essay: How to Write, Topics, & Examples

What would you do if someone told you that a tsunami would wipe out your house tomorrow afternoon? You won’t believe them. It always seems that natural disasters happen in someone else’s life. But every year, millions of people worldwide suffer from various natural calamities. This article attempts to systemize the chaos of nature for you to write an impressive natural disasters essay. You will get acquainted with the seven types of disasters, get a long list of topics and examples of natural disaster essay in 200 words and 300 words.

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🌪️ Natural Disaster Essay: What Is It About?

A natural disaster is a large-scale meteorological or geological event that can to cause loss of life or massive damage to people’s property. Floods and severe storms are the most reported acts of nature in the US, but other incidents also happen from time to time. That is why you can dedicate your essay on natural disasters to earthquakes, droughts, wildfires, floods, tsunamis, hurricanes, or tornadoes.

The picture lists the 7 main types of natural disasters.
TornadoIt is a powerful funnel-shaped cloud that rotates and demolishes buildings, hurls cars, and uproots trees. Tornadoes appear from cumulonimbus clouds, pending with their smaller part to the ground. This column of air has a wind speed of up to 300 mph. In your disaster management essay, you can suggest reasonable precautions to save as many people and property as possible in a tornado area.
HurricaneIt is a tropical cyclone that affects the coastal population of the southern Atlantic Ocean, eastern Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico. These acts of nature may include heavy winds, floods, and tornadoes. For this reason, you can describe natural disasters’ impact on human life in the essay.
FloodFloods are the most common natural disaster in the US. They usually occur when the volume of water in a stream is larger than the channel’s capacity. Then, the land that is typically dry gets submerged. Streamflow depends on numerous factors making floods hard to predict.
TsunamiThis Japanese word (‘tsu’ for harbor and ‘nami’ for wave) denominates powerful waves caused by an underwater earthquake, land slumping, landslides on the seafloor, meteorite impact, or volcanic eruption in the ocean. In a tsunami disaster essay, you could describe a historical tragedy and analyze its causes.
WildfireThis type of disaster starts when lightning hits a tree in the wood or due to man-made causes. It is an unplanned and uncontrolled spread of fire in natural areas with combustible vegetation.
DroughtIt is an extended lack of water in a given region. A drought can happen due to the below-normal precipitation. It causes crop damage and water shortage in the area. It can last for years or end in weeks.
EarthquakeIt is the result of seismic waves in the Earth’s crust. Tectonic plates shake or move, damaging everything that stands or lives on them. Some of them may be caused by anthropogenic factors.

💡 64 Natural Disasters Essay Topics

What could you write in a natural disaster essay? You can invent your own topic about various types of natural disasters, their causes, and aftermath, or their impact on human life and the economy. Depending on the discipline, you can also describe historic calamities that changed the direction of human civilization. Alternatively, choose one from our comprehensive list below.

  1. Why are the Great Plains of the central US ideal for tornado formation?
  2. Research the atmospheric parameters inside a tornado.
  3. Why are the boundaries of Tornado Alley in the US so debatable?
  4. Which actions should you never do when a tornado is nearby?
  5. Suggest your opinion on the best action strategy in a hurricane.
  6. What were the causes and effects of a flood?
  7. Describe the most devastating wildfires in the US and find their common features.
  8. Brainstorm ideas to prevent wildfires.
  9. How can building dams cause earthquakes?
  10. Analyze the impact of droughts on tourism.
  11. Describe the most extended droughts in human history.
  12. Write an essay on natural disasters and earthquakes in particular.
  13. What are the distinctive features of droughts in third-world countries?
  14. Study the relationship between global warming and droughts.
  15. Evaluate the damage caused by Hurricane Maria in 2017.
  16. Classify the effects of natural disasters in an essay.
  17. Describe the 1815 volcanic eruption of Mt. Tambora, Indonesia.
  18. Each new leap of civilization causes new responses of nature.
  19. Think of any positive effects a volcanic eruption may have.
  20. Children are the poorest victims of any disaster.
  21. Which ways of disaster risk reduction do you know?
  22. Research the current problems in disaster management.
  23. Analyze ineffective disaster management in an essay about hurricane Katrina.
  24. What should a household have at home in the case of a disaster?
  25. Describe the humanitarian disaster during the drought in Somalia.
  26. Can man-made disasters entail natural calamities?
  27. Review the criteria for disaster classification.
  28. Search for real examples of hybrid disasters.
  29. Who is responsible for casualties after a natural disaster?
  30. List the lessons we could learn from our past disaster experience.
  31. The ice storm and silver thaw: A gentle disaster.
  32. Rockslides: A pressing issue for rural areas.
  33. What are the psychological benefits of disaster preparedness?
  34. When does a blizzard become a disaster?
  35. Research the causes of dust storms and name the affected areas.
  36. Why did the San Francisco earthquake (1906) cause devastating fires?
  37. What could be done to help people who lost their homes in an earthquake?
  38. Analyze the role of World Vision in humanitarian aid after disasters.
  39. Tangshan earthquake of 1976 showed that high population density is disastrous.
  40. Rock avalanche: Why water is the most powerful geological agent.
  41. When do extreme weather conditions turn into a disaster?
  42. Write an article on shelter-providing organizations for disaster victims.
  43. Describe earthquake cycles in Haiti.
  44. How can nature damage ecology in natural disasters?
  45. Disaster management should include psychological help to the survivors.
  46. Suggest ways to prevent damage caused by debris flow.
  47. How did the lack of evacuation after the Bhola cyclone (1970) result in the massive death toll?
  48. The most significant Yellow River flood: 2 million deaths in 1887.
  49. Sinkholes: A natural disaster or attraction for cavers and water-divers?
  50. Describe the dynamics of landslides in California.
  51. Which early-warning systems to detect avalanches do you know?
  52. Pyroclastic flow: The deadliest volcanic hazard.
  53. Describe the volcano eruption of Vesuvius that destroyed the Herculaneum and Pompeii.
  54. Disaster prevention measures: Investments that save millions of lives.
  55. Research the PTSD in survivors of natural disasters.
  56. Are the latest disasters the nature’s fightback to humanity?
  57. Estimate the human impact on natural disasters.
  58. List the countries with the largest number of disasters and find their standard features.
  59. Insurance coverage against disasters: Our inevitable future.
  60. One natural disaster could bring the world to its end.

Haven’t found a suitable topic in the list above? Use our essay topic generator to get more ideas.

📑 Natural Disaster Essay Outline

Outlines differ, depending on the assigned length and essay type. It is a reference sample. Feel free to modify it, extending some points and narrowing the others. Still, the overall structure should remain the same. We have chosen the “Causes of Earthquakes” essay topic for demonstrative purposes.

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  1. Introduction
    • Hook. There are millions of possible ways to start your essay, from a rhetorical question to any imaginable scenario. The point is to grab the reader’s attention, showing them that your writing is unique and creative. For example:
      We are always concerned with the consequences of a natural disaster. But what brought us into such a calamity in the first place?
    • Concepts. Natural disasters can be studied in the framework of various disciplines. But in all cases, they are linked with geology, biology, chemistry, geography, and some other subjects with broad and complicated terminology. Explain the terms that could be elusive for your readers here. For example:
      For the purposes of this essay, an earthquake is a sudden displacement of the land surface.
    • Background. How did you come to think of this problem? Why is it topical?
      The causes of earthquakes are numerous and often unrelated. To understand them as a system, we need a strict classification.
    • Thesis statement. Clearly state the aim of your essay.
      This essay attempts to group the causes of earthquakes to determine which factors can be tackled by human forces.
  2. Main Body
    The main body of a standard 5-paragraph essay should contain three paragraphs. Build them by moving from general to specific. Start each paragraph with the broadest range of information. Conclude them with the most definitive evidence and details that were not evident in the beginning.
    The main body paragraph should consist of these four components:
    • Transition sentence. It comes in the previous sentence (for paragraphs 2 and 3) and ensures smooth reading. E.g.:
      Tectonic movements are the most powerful causes of earthquakes, and we cannot influence them. But still, there is something we could do.
    • Topic sentence. What will you explain in this paragraph?
      Human interference with nature can also cause earthquakes.
    • Evidence. How can you confirm the topic sentence?
      Heavy clubbing of dam water can disturbance the crustal balance. Nuclear bombing causes shockwaves that penetrate the surface, changing the tectonic plates and their natural alignment. Mining can also cause earthquakes by removing extensive volumes of stone from under the ground.
    • Warrant. Why does the reader need this information, and how does it relate to the thesis statement?
      Knowing these facts can help us change the old-fashioned approaches and lessen the ecological damage to our planet.
  3. Conclusion
    • Summary. Collect and summarize all your arguments here.
      Tectonic movements, volcano eruptions, and geological faults cause a significant part of earthquakes worldwide. But various man-made causes bring us to the same result.
    • Rephrased thesis.
      We cannot stop the tectonic movements or hinder volcanic eruptions, but we can use natural resources with more care.

🌊 Natural Disaster Essay 200 Words

Below you will find a short natural disaster essay for 200 words. It explores the causes and effects of the tsunami in Japan in 2011.

Tsunami in Japan: Causes and Effects

The proximity of the deadliest disasters is often unpredictable. As a result, the consequences of a tsunami can exceed any possible expectations. This essay looks for the decisive factors that caused the tsunami in Japan in 2011 and its results for the local population and other countries.

The causes were out of human control and could not be predicted. The Pacific plate moved in the horizontal and vertical plane, advancing beneath the Eurasian Plate. It displaced the seawater above and entailed several destructive waves.

The disaster had enormous consequences for the Japanese people and their economy. It killed almost 16,000 people, although the country had a sophisticated alarming system. Besides, the earthquake caused fires and explosions at oil factories. The cooling system of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant went out of service. Two people were lost, and many were injured. Nissan, like many other large corporations, had to suspend the operation of its four factories. The economic losses due to the catastrophe amounted to 300 billion dollars.

But the disaster moved to other places. On 24 March 2011, the earthquake in the east of Myanmar claimed the lives of 60 people and destroyed 300 buildings.

As we can see, everything is linked on our planet. Movements of the earth’ crust in any part of the world bring about earthquakes and tsunami in other countries. The series of waves in Japan was caused by the underwater earthquake and had horrible consequences.

🏜️ Natural Disaster Essay 300 Words

If your assignment is longer, you will have to provide your opinion in the essay. Or, you can make your argumentation more detailed. Below you can check our 300-word sample of a disaster essay.

The Economic Effects of the Dust Bowl Drought

When someone says “a natural disaster,” we usually imagine an earthquake or a tsunami. Buildings are destroyed, and property is lost. But imagine a scenario of a devastating drought, which happened in the US in the 1930s. Its effect is less visible because it lies in the domain of the national economy. This essay reveals the economic consequences of the Dust Bowl drought.

During the third decade of the XX century, strong winds raised choking dust in the southern states, from Texas to Nebraska. People and animals died as the crops failed in the area for several years in a row. The Dust Bowl lasted for almost a decade and was also called “the Dirty Thirties.”

This drought intensified the impact of the Great Depression. Local farmers had to migrate to urban areas in search of better conditions and other sources of living. About 2.5 million people moved West from the worst-hit states, namely New Mexico, Texas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Kansas. But they found only discrimination, meager salaries, and inhuman working conditions. Many had to live in tents near irrigation ditches. They were called “Okies,” a disdainful name for migrants of any state.

Regular rains returned to the southern states by the end of 1939, closing the drought. However, the economic aftermath persisted. The counties that suffered the most failed to recover the agricultural value of their land till the 1950s. Thus, the local population kept decreasing for twenty years.

Although a drought does not ruin property, it can tangibly lower human life levels. The Dust Bowl threw people into a lose-lose situation. Their farms were unfit for gaining any profit, and the new places of living gave them no better opportunities. It took two decades to restore public wellbeing in the Southern States.

Researching the worst acts of nature can teach you to value what you have. We hope that this article has made your creative writing more manageable and pleasurable. You can write an essay of any length by simply following our outline. All you will need to do after that is make a cover page for it.

Please share your natural disaster essay ideas in the comments below.

❓ Natural Disaster Essay FAQ

How to Write an Essay About Natural Disaster?

Your approach should depend on the discipline. But in any case, you can discuss the types of disasters, their consequences, characteristics, and preconditions. The excellent idea is to select a past disastrous event and analyze it from the economic, social, or individual point of view.

What Is a Disaster Essay?

A disaster essay explores the stages of a natural or man-made calamity and seeks the possible ways to prevent similar emergencies in the future. An article on disaster management studies the correct and efficient activities to lower the casualties and property loss after a disaster.

What Is Disaster Preparedness Essay?

This type of writing analyzes the level of readiness of a region or municipality to an unexpected natural disaster. You can highlight the vulnerable groups of the population that will suffer the most. Or, you may invent measures that could reduce the disaster response and coping time. Such assignments teach you strategic thinking and a systematic approach to problem-solving.

How to Describe a Natural Disaster for an Essay?

You should specify that the event was unexpected and led to many deaths and property loss. The most critical things include the causes of the disaster, its progress and duration, and the negative consequences for the locals. You can also specify the negative effect on the economy and humanitarian condition of the area.

🔗 References

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