Are you sure your topic sentences are close to perfect? Do they really make your paper stronger? Let's check it!
Topic Sentences: 3 Golden Rules to Follow
Topic sentence in academic writing is the first sentence in each body paragraph, which identifies the main idea of the paragraph that follows.
The 3 golden rules of a good topic sentence are:
- brief summary of what follows
- attention hook for readers
- no spoilers, disclosing all the arguments at once
Topic Sentences: 5 Main Types with Cue Words
Whereas all topic sentences pursue the same goal of preparing readers for what will follow in a body paragraph, these sentences can take different forms. For example:
- Cause and effect
Cue words: is, turns out, has proven
Example: Animal testing has proven to be not only inhuman, but also ineffective.
Cue words: causes, influences, effects, results in
Example: The lack of sleep results in poor concentration.
Cue words: should, need to, ought to
Example: Smoking in public places should be banned.
Cue words: related, connected
Example: There is a direct relationship between the time you invest in study and your grade.
Cue words: reveal, show
Example: The recent studies have shown that too much intake of carrots can’t make your eyes healthier.
Sample Topic Sentences
So, a good topic sentence should give a general idea of what readers should expect from the following paragraph and make them curious and willing to continue reading. Did you hear of a hamburger paragraph structure? According to the classic hamburger paragraph structure, the topic sentence should be followed by supporting sentences and a concluding sentence. The latter sentence actually repeats the topic sentence but uses different wording.
So, that was probably all you need to know to make your essay structure just perfect and convince everyone that it deserves an A and nothing less than it.